S E A R C H
IFSP Tutorial - Developing and Implementing
Developing the IFSP:
Page 10 of 13
Assisting families to select functional outcomes
Outcomes identify the aspects of family and community life that parents
would like to see their child to participate more fully in. They are not
indicators of developmental delays identified by early intervention providers.
Outcomes are “owned” by a family and “adopted” by
early intervention providers who will provide supports and services to help
families achieve their outcomes. This does not mean, however, that all parents
have their desired outcomes on the “tips of their tongue.”
Assisting a family to identify functional outcomes begins with exploring a child’s and family’s positive interactions and interests (Dunst, Hamby, Trivette, Raab, & Bruder, 2000). Family interests and routines (e.g., gardening, cooking, raising pets/animals, playing musical instruments, visiting friends and family) provide a context for young children. Child and family interests also provide direction for selecting individualized IFSP strategies in support of family-desired outcomes. In the vignette about Pedro, for example, Pedro’s interest in playing with other children in his nursery school suggests key strategies for prompting his receptive language, as identified by his mother.