Urban Education

National Trends

 

Reading


In 1998, fourth and eighth graders in central city schools had lower average reading scores than their counterparts in rural/small town schools or urban fringe/large town schools. Also, eighth graders in rural/small town schools had lower average reading scores than their counterparts in urban fringe/large town schools. No significant differences were observed among twelfth graders.
Among students attending central city schools, eighth graders had higher average reading scores in 1998 compared to 1992. Among students attending schools in urban fringe/large town locations, eighth and twelfth graders had higher average reading scores in 1998 compared to 1994. In rural/small town schools, twelfth graders had higher reading scores in 1998 compared to 1994.

Free/reduced-price lunch program and reading

The 1998 NAEP reading assessment also collected information on student eligibility for the federally funded free/reduced-price lunch program, which provides children near or below the poverty line with nourishing meals. At all three grade levels, students who were eligible for free/reduced-price lunches had lower average reading scores than students who were not eligible for the program.




 

 


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