Effective urban educators utilized
individualized and direct instructional strategies to improve the academic
achievement of their students.
of the Success for All program used Direct Instruction to perfection.
Kindergarten students received the Early Learning Program; beginning
readers participated in the Reading Roots program; students in grades
two through six were exposed to the Reading Wing's curriculum. As
a result of Direct Instruction, (DI) the program's students (15-20)
were offered reading instruction in groups, they were successfully
engaged in the reading and learning process, and they were ultimately
able to improve their reading skills and performance.
instruction was at the heart of a Thursday Night Tutoring Program
that improved high school students' mathematics skills and competence,
as well as in a Student Mentoring Program that improved high school
students' motivation for school-and their grades in content and subject
instruction is also the foundation of the EXCEL program used to improve
urban students' reading, mathematics, and writing skills. Elementary,
middle, and high school students in the program are paired with a
college student or teacher who tutors the student in their home environment.
The student or teacher works with the classroom teacher and parents
to ensure the full cooperation of the students. The EXCEL Inc. framework
was used to raise the MSPAP scores of students in the Baltimore City
Public Schools System.
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