Urban Education

Research of Best Practices


Instruction Methods

Effective urban educators utilized individualized and direct instructional strategies to improve the academic achievement of their students.
  • Leaders of the Success for All program used Direct Instruction to perfection. Kindergarten students received the Early Learning Program; beginning readers participated in the Reading Roots program; students in grades two through six were exposed to the Reading Wing's curriculum. As a result of Direct Instruction, (DI) the program's students (15-20) were offered reading instruction in groups, they were successfully engaged in the reading and learning process, and they were ultimately able to improve their reading skills and performance.
  • Individualized instruction was at the heart of a Thursday Night Tutoring Program that improved high school students' mathematics skills and competence, as well as in a Student Mentoring Program that improved high school students' motivation for school-and their grades in content and subject areas.
  • Individualized instruction is also the foundation of the EXCEL program used to improve urban students' reading, mathematics, and writing skills. Elementary, middle, and high school students in the program are paired with a college student or teacher who tutors the student in their home environment. The student or teacher works with the classroom teacher and parents to ensure the full cooperation of the students. The EXCEL Inc. framework was used to raise the MSPAP scores of students in the Baltimore City Public Schools System.



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